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该如何装饰出优质西餐厅
发布人:发布时间2018-07-19浏览次数:0

    西餐厅设计时主要围绕安静浪漫的气氛或是西方特有的主题去设计,西餐文化迥然不同于我国饮食文化。因中西文化的差异,西餐厅设计方案也有不同的风格。设计不仅要新颖美观、要有外国风情、要有艺术性还要有浪漫的情调。

    The design of western restaurant mainly focuses on a quiet and romantic atmosphere or a theme peculiar to the West. Western food culture is quite different from Chinese food culture. Because of the differences between Chinese culture and Western culture, the design of western restaurant also has different styles. The design should not only be novel and beautiful, but also be exotic, artistic and romantic.

    一、西餐厅风格与特征

    The style and characteristics of the Western Restaurant

    西式餐厅泛指以品尝国外(主要是欧洲和北美)的饮食,体会异国餐饮情调为目的的餐厅。根据追求的风格不同,我国的西式餐厅主要以法国、意大利风格为代表的 欧式餐厅,但更多的餐厅却不必十分明确到底代表了哪个国家的风格。西式餐厅与中式餐厅最大的区别是以国家、民族的文化背景造成的餐饮方式的不同。欧美的餐 饮方式强调就餐时的私密性,一般团体就餐的习惯很少。因此就餐单元常以2—6人为主,餐桌为矩形,进餐时桌面餐具比中餐少,但常以美丽的鲜花和精致的烛具 对台面进行点缀。餐厅在欧美既是餐饮的场所,更是社交的空间。因此,淡雅的色彩、柔和的光线、洁白的桌布、华贵的线脚、精致的餐具加上安宁的氛围、高雅的 举止等等共同构成了西式餐厅的特色。

    Western restaurants generally refer to restaurants that taste foreign food (mainly European and North American) and experience exotic restaurants. According to the different style of pursuit, the western style restaurants in our country are mainly European style restaurants represented by French and Italian style, but more restaurants do not have to be very clear on which country is the style of the restaurant. The biggest difference between Western-style restaurants and Chinese restaurants is the difference in dining styles caused by national and national cultural backgrounds. The way of dining in Europe and America emphasizes the privacy of eating, and there are few habits of general dining. So the dining unit is usually 2 - 6 people, the table is rectangular, and the table tabletop is less than the Chinese meal, but it often adorn the table with beautiful flowers and fine candles. Restaurant in Europe and the United States is not only a place for dining, but also a space for social interaction. Therefore, elegant color, soft light, white tablecloth, expensive line and feet, exquisite tableware, peaceful atmosphere, elegant manners, and so on together form the features of the western style restaurant.

    二、西餐厅平面布局与空间特色

    Two, the plane layout and spatial characteristics of the Western Restaurant

    西式餐厅的平面布局常采用较为规整的方式。酒吧柜台是西式餐厅的主要景点之一,也是每个西餐厅必备的设施,更是西方人生活方式的体现。除此之外,一台造型 优美的三脚钢琴也是西式餐厅平面布置中需要考虑的因素。在较为小型的西式餐厅中,钢琴经常被设置于角落,这样可以不至占据太多的有效面积;而在较大的西式 餐厅中,钢琴则可以成为整个餐厅的视觉中心,为了加强这种中心感,经常采用抬高地面的方式,有的甚至再于顶部加上限定空间的构架。钢琴不仅可以丰富空间的 视觉效果,它的优雅琴声更是西餐厅所必不可少的。

    The layout of Western restaurants often adopts a more regular way. Bar counter is one of the main attractions of Western restaurants, and it is also a necessary facility for every western restaurant. It is also a manifestation of Western lifestyles. Besides, a beautiful three legged piano is also a factor to consider in western style restaurant layout. In the smaller western style restaurants, the piano is often set in the corner so that it can not occupy too much of the effective area; in the larger western style restaurant, the piano can be the visual center of the whole restaurant. In order to strengthen this sense of center, it often uses the way of raising the ground, some even at the top of the restaurant. A framework for setting space. The piano can not only enrich the visual effect of space, but also its elegant voice is essential for Western restaurants.

    西式餐厅一般层高比较大,因而也经常采用大型绿化作为空间的装饰与点缀,有的甚至像一把把大伞罩在几个餐桌之上,很好地起到了空间限定的作用。由于冷餐是 西餐中的主要组成部分,因此冷餐台也成了西式餐厅中需要着重考虑的因素,原则上设于较为居中的地方,便于餐厅的各个部分取食方便。当然也有不设冷餐台的西 式餐厅,而靠服务人员送餐。

    Western style restaurant generally high level, and therefore often use large greening as the decoration and ornament of space, and some even like a large umbrella over a few tables, very well played the role of space limited. As the cold meal is the main part of the western food, the cold dining table has also become a factor that needs to be considered in the western restaurant. In principle, it is located in a relatively middle place to facilitate the convenience of all parts of the restaurant. Of course, there are western style restaurants without buffet tables and meals by service staff.

    西式餐厅在就餐时特别强调就餐单元的私密性,这一点在平面布局时应得到充分地体现。创造私密性的方法一般有以下几种:

    Western style restaurants especially emphasize the privacy of dining units when dining, which should be fully reflected in the layout. The ways to create privacy are generally the following:

    1)抬高地面和降低顶棚,这种方式创造的私密程度较弱,但可以比较容易感受到所限定的区域范围。

    1) elevating the ground and lowering the ceiling. This way creates less privacy, but it is easier to feel the restricted area.

    2)利用沙发座的靠背形成比较明显的就餐单元,这种"U"形布置的沙发座,常与靠背座椅相结合,是西餐厅特有的座位布置方式之一。

    2) using the back of the sofa seat to form a more obvious dining unit, this "U" shaped sofa seat, often combined with the back seat, is one of the special seat arrangement in the western restaurant.

    3)利用刻花玻璃和绿化槽形成隔断,这种方式所围合的私密性程度要视玻璃的磨砂程度和高度来决定。一般这种玻璃都不是很高,距地面在1200mm到1500mm之间。

    3) use cut glass and greening trough to form partitions. The degree of privacy in this way depends on the degree and height of the frosted glass. Generally, this kind of glass is not very high, between 1200mm and 1500mm from the ground.

    4)利用光线的明暗程度来创造就餐环境的私密性。有时,为了营造某种特殊的氛围,餐桌上点缀的烛光可以创造出强烈的向心感,从而产生私密性。

    4) use light to create the privacy of the dining environment. Sometimes, in order to create a special atmosphere, the candles on the table can create a strong sense of centrality, resulting in privacy.

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