注意啦...新房装修这八个地方不要随便动
发布人:http://www.chinazhuoyou.com发布时间: 2018-07-16 14:53:21 浏览次数: 0

毛坯房房装修是一件非常头疼的事情,开放商设计的户型很难满足所有人的需要,不少业主都会对新房进行改造,以便扩大使用面积和增加采光。但是,这并不是意味着可以随意操作,有很多地方是不能随便动的,不然会得不偿失,留下安全隐患。今天,就来跟大家聊一聊这八个不能随便动的地方。

The decoration of the blank room is a very headache thing. It is difficult to meet the needs of all people. Many owners will remould the new house so as to enlarge the use area and increase the lighting. However, this does not mean that we can operate at will. There are many places that can not be moved at will. Otherwise, it will be more harm than good, leaving behind a safety hazard. Today, I want to talk to you about these eight places that can't be moved anywhere.

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1、承重墙不能拆

1. The load-bearing wall can not be dismantled

户型图上,黑色实体墙就是承重墙,不能拆除。即使没有标示,只要墙体厚度达到了24cm,这也是承重墙。承重墙相当于整栋楼的骨架,主要作用是支撑整个楼层重量的。装修时,承重墙一律不能拆,也不能开窗、开门、开壁龛。即使在开水电槽的时候,也要尽可能避免横槽。承重墙一旦破坏,整个房子的重力结构都会出问题。

On the block diagram, the black solid wall is the load-bearing wall and can not be dismantled. Even if there is no sign, as long as the wall thickness reaches 24cm, this is also a load-bearing wall. The load-bearing wall is equivalent to the whole building skeleton, and its main function is to support the whole floor weight. When decorating, the load-bearing walls must not be demolished, nor can they open windows, open doors or open niches. Even in boiling water tank, avoid transverse groove as far as possible. Once the bearing wall is damaged, the gravity structure of the whole house will be out of order.

2、阳台配重墙不可拆

2, the balcony weight wall is not detachable

阳台改造时,先了解你家的阳台结构。如果是挑板式结构阳台,就要注意了,这类阳台都是需要配重墙支持的,不要随意拆除。有些阳台是半截墙,这也是配重墙,通过杠杆原理平衡阳台,如果拆除,有可能导致阳台的塌陷下坠。阳台掉落,想必大家听说的也不少,通常都是装修的时候破坏了配重墙。即使现在没有问题,等你住几年之后,就会慢慢发现地面开裂。

When balcony is transformed, first understand the balcony structure of your home. If it is a balcony with a slab structure, it is necessary to pay attention to it. Such balconies are supported by counterweight walls and should not be removed at will. Some balconies are half walls. This is also a counterweight wall, which balances the balcony by leverage. If it is removed, it may cause the collapse of the balcony. The balcony fell, you must have heard a lot, usually when the decoration destroyed the counterweight wall. Even if there is no problem now, after a few years of your stay, you will gradually find the ground cracking.

3、阳台不要改造为卧室

3, the balcony should not be transformed into a bedroom

阳台并不是室内空间,建筑规范上是有差别的。改造为卧室或者厨房,虽然可以增加家里的实用空间,但并不是所有的阳台都适合这样改造,比如凸阳台,装修的时候,一定要认真考量家里的阳台结构。

Balcony is not indoor space, there are differences in building codes. Transformation into a bedroom or kitchen, although it can increase the practical space in the home, but not all the balcony is suitable for such a transformation, such as a convex balcony, when the decoration, it must be careful consideration of the house's balcony structure.

还有一种情况,阳台属于开发商赠送或者半赠送,不计入建筑面积,这类阳台往往是后期,通过植筋方式现浇的,跟整个楼层不是一个整体,承重性要弱一些。如果改为卧室,有突发性问题,很难及时躲避。

There is also a situation, the balcony belongs to the developer gift or semi gift, does not account for the building area, this kind of balcony is often late, through the planting method cast in place, with the whole floor is not a whole, the bearing capacity to be a little weaker. If you change into a bedroom, there is a sudden problem, it is difficult to avoid in time.

4、空调外机位改为小阳台

4. The position of the air conditioner is changed into a small balcony

空调外机位仅仅是为了放置空调外机的,承重性和牢固性都比较差,不适合改为室内阳台。而且,这种属于违章建筑,也会影响小区的整体规划,被发现,是会被强拆和罚款的。

The external position of the air conditioning is only for the purpose of placing the air conditioner outside the machine. The load-bearing property and the firmness are relatively poor. It is not suitable for indoor balcony. Moreover, this belongs to the illegal building, will also affect the overall planning of the District, found, will be demolished and fined.

5、邻里共用墙不要削薄

5, the neighbourhood wall should not be thinned

在做嵌入式鞋柜和衣柜时,不要削薄共用墙体。表面上增加了自己的室内空间,却损坏了隔壁邻居。被削薄的墙体,隔音效果差,也不能承重,没办法挂空调和电视,甚至产生纠纷,惹上官司。

Do not cut thin shared walls when making shoes and wardrobes. On the surface it has added its own interior space, but has damaged the next door neighbor. The walls that are thinned are poor in sound insulation and can not be weighed. They can not hang air conditioning and television, or even cause disputes and get into a lawsuit.

6、横梁不要随意打孔

6. Do not punch at random beams

家里如果要装中央空调,或者是新风系统,这就涉及到横梁打孔。如果在开孔的时候选择的位置不对,是会打断横梁下部主钢筋。横梁下部钢筋是受力钢筋,如果主钢筋被打断,整根梁就费了,无法承担拉应力。

If you want to install a central air conditioner or a fresh air system at home, this involves crossbeam drilling. If the position is not correct when opening the hole, it will break the main reinforcement of the lower part of the beam. The steel bar at the bottom of the cross beam is a force reinforcement. If the main reinforcement is interrupted, the whole beam will be charged, and it can not bear the tensile stress.

横梁打孔要避开主钢筋,起码避开下部主钢筋,而且要远离两边柱子。当然,打孔的直径越小越好。

To avoid the main reinforcement, we must avoid the main reinforcement at the bottom and keep away from the two pillars. Of course, the smaller the smaller the better the diameter of the hole.

卧室开空调孔、卫生间开透气孔的时候,也要注意,避免打断主钢筋。

When the bedroom opens the air conditioning hole, the bathroom opens the air hole, also must pay attention, avoids interrupting the main reinforcement.

7、燃气管不要私自改造

7, the gas pipe should not be transformed in private

厨房内的燃气管道,是燃气公司统一部署的。如果要更改位置,一定要请燃气公司员工上门改。专业的人干专业的事情,这样才比较安全。如果私自拆改燃气管道,除了有安全隐患,而且燃气公司还有权不给你家点火。

The gas pipeline in the kitchen is uniformly deployed by the Gas Co. If you want to change the location, you must invite Gas Co staff to come home to change. It's safer for professional people to do professional things. If you secretly change the gas pipeline, there are security risks, and Gas Co has the right not to fire your home.

8、强电箱少移位

8. Less power box shift

强电箱移位,需要考虑多个问题,入户线是否够长,物业是否同意,电工技术是否过硬!强电箱好不要移位,除非真的影响你家装修风格,不移位就会让你奇痒难耐。

The shift of the power box requires multiple considerations, whether the entry line is long enough, whether the property agrees or not, and whether the electrical technology is excellent. Strong electric box is best not to shift, unless it really affects your home decoration style, do not shift will make you itch itchy.

入户线是否够长是关键,也就是从总闸到强电箱的距离,如果够长,位置就可以更改。如果不够长,一种方式是全部更换入户线,这个工程很复杂,还必须取得物业的同意。另一种方式,就是接线,就看你家电工技术是否过硬,入户主线有接口,很容易留下安全隐患,而且还关系到了家中所有线路的安全,稍微出点问题,那就是非常严重的。如果强制接线,也要在接口处预留好检修口。

Whether the entrance line is long enough is the key, that is, the distance from the main gate to the strong box. If it is long enough, the location can be changed. If it is not long enough, one way is to replace all incoming lines. This project is very complicated and must obtain the consent of the property. Another way, is the connection, see your home electrical technology is strong, the main line has interface, it is easy to leave hidden security risks, and also related to the safety of all the lines in the home, a little problem, that is very serious. If the wiring is forced, the maintenance port should also be reserved at the interface.


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